In general, Belize is considered a Central American and Caribbean nation – It is bordered to the north by Mexico, to the south and west by Guatemala and to the east by the Caribbean Sea. Belize is a diverse country with various cultures and languages, with the official language being English. Belize also has the lowest population density in Central America with approximately 324, 000 on the entire country of Belize. In 1840, Belize became a “Colony of British Honduras” and in 1862, it became a crown colony. For one hundred years after that, Belize was a representative government of England but in January 1964, full self government with a ministerial system was granted. In 1973, the region’s name was changed from British Honduras to Belize and on September 21, 1981, full independence was achieved. Belize Points of interest: Belize has the Largest Barrier Reef in the Western Hemisphere, and second largest in the world which offers world class diving, snorkeling and fishing. Belize has 3 of the 4 Atolls in the Western Hemisphere (Lighthouse Reef – home to the world famous Blue Hole; Turneffe Islands, and Glovers Reef). Belize has many jungles, wildlife reserves, a large variety of different species of flora and fauna and the largest cave system in Central America. Some species of Belize’s flora and fauna include the black orchid, the mahogany tree, the toucan and tapirs.